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Garm Chashma

Sanatorium Garm Chashma
 
Location: Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Ishkashim area.
Location: 42 kilometers south-east of the city of Khorog, 60 km from the town of Ishkashim.
Transportation: Bus from the city of Khorog, associated vehicles, taxis
Hot mineral springs Garm-Chashma (translated from Tajik "Hot Spring") is situated at an altitude of 2,325 m above sea level, on the western slope Shahdarinskogo ridge in the middle reaches of the river Garm-Chashma, which is a tributary of the river Panj.

The source is not one thousand years, as only centuries of existence could be formed enormous travertine deposits (calcareous incrustations), drop down to the river cascades. These cascades - bright white, yellow and brown colors - are drawn in the form of a curved hill, whose length is about 1,5 km, width 35 -45 m, the height from 7 to 35 meters Mineral water reaches the surface is strictly along the ridge of high depths, in the form of gushing small and large griffins, pillars which the height from 10 cm to 1.5 m. Results from the griffins come from 5 to 7 liters of hot water per second. Water makes the earth's surface lime-calcite balls regular shape with a diameter from 0,5 up to 3-4 cm in diameter, mixed with the dullness of white lime-gypsum-Cretaceous nature.
 
Deposits of balls and a haze formed calcareous sinters - travertine mound at the end of which there are a number of natural basins - basins of various sizes, with a water mirror from 0,5 to 20 kV. m and a depth of up to half a meter. They are filled with hot water color, which was composed of iron, aluminum, magnesium, strontium, fluorine and other elements. The water also contains a large amount of hydrogen sulfide (170 milligrams per liter), silicic acid (135 milligrams per liter), and carbon dioxide (381 milligrams per liter). Water temperature at the outlet of the griffins on the surface of about plus 62 degrees Celsius. Water temperature in the "pool" ranges from plus 38 to plus 50 degrees Celsius, depending on the proximity of the source. The outer wall of the reservoir produce
enchanting impression, thanks to them prirosshim white stalactites, painted in a variety of colors covering their colorful algae. The bottom of the largest "pool" is covered with fine sediments, soft sediment of calcium carbonate with a trace of sulfur.
In this area there are carbonated mineral springs with a constant temperature of 14 degrees Celsius, the water which the local population is used as a dining room.

Hot Spring as a rare phenomenon in nature have attracted the attention of the local population, which is cured in its waters, received healing, or at least relief from their illnesses, and this gave him some "holiness." According to the travel notes, travelers who have visited these places at the end of the XIX century, the local residents staged here altars - small niche in the rock near the spot where the water reaches the surface, which lay various sacred objects and burning lamp. Traditional worship in the nation of water sources have their roots in antiquity, and historically the question of the sacred waters has been studied little.
 
A valuable factor in the location of the resort is also the source of its favorable climate, which, in combination with balneotherapy gives good results in healing of certain diseases of the cardiovascular and nerve-dimensional system, musculoskeletal, and skin and gynecological diseases.

In 1957, on the site of mineral water baths was built Garm-Chashma, which has been rebuilt and finish construction.

 

Comments:

1 April 2010
Alex
My comment
11 April 2013
Parviz
I like this place. I would like to visit
1

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