Dushanbe is the capital of the Republic of Tajikistan, the largest and most beautiful city in the country, its political, cultural, business and economic center. The city is located at an altitude of 800 m above sea level in the very center of the densely populated, fertile Gissar Valley, southern Tajikistan. It spreads on a green, beautiful island in an area of 124.6 km2.
The river Varzob (Dushanbinka) crosses it from north to south, and Kafirnigan crosses from east to west, which somewhat softens the region’s temperate, sharply continental climate.
The average winter temperature here is + 1C, and summer + 28C. The maximum rainfall occurs in winter and spring, in the summer and autumn seasons, rains are extremely rare.
The population of the city, according to 2010, is 706 thousand 100 people, which is about 9% of the total population of the republic. The ethnic composition, in percentage terms, is as follows: Tajiks -83.4; Uzbeks-9.1; Russians-5.1; other nationalities – less than 3 percent.
It is reliably known that the history of the city begins with a village called Dushanbe, the earliest information about which dates back to the first quarter of the 17th century. Initially, it was a small settlement that arose at the crossroads of trade routes, known for having a large and noisy bazaar here on Mondays. Actually, the name Dushanbe, translated from Tajik, means “Monday.”